itwiki Encefalite letargica; nlwiki Encephalitis lethargica; plwiki Zapalenie mózgu von Economo; ptwiki Encefalite letárgica; ruwiki Летаргический энцефалит. Date, Source, von Economo C. Die Encephalitis lethargica (Mit zwölf lithographischen Tafeln). Franz Deuticke, ss. Leipzig-Wien. Translation for ‘encefalite letargica’ in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations.
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Sequele neurologiche dall’influenza: pandemia del 1918-19 ed encefalite letargica a Trieste.
But he also encetalite that:. No doubt in a disease like influenza, which is characterised by an enormous high attack rate in which during pandemic periods anything up to 50 per cent. These authors also remarked that EL differed from influenza in that no major organ, apart from the brain and encfealite tract, were significantly affected Siegmund Indian J Med Res.
December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Epidemic encephalitis encephalitis lethargica, nona.
EL might be reported early in its course by an informed physician, but more frequently following the later presentation of post-encephalitic sequelae, or even post mortem on the basis of neuropathology. Klemperer G, Klemperer F, editors. Bernhardt G, Simons A. He described three major forms of influenza — nervous, gastro-intestinal and catarrhal, according to their most prominent features — and noted that, in any particular epidemic letarigca, one of these forms tended to dominanate to the relative exclusion of the others Althaus Such symptoms were, however, not pathognomic for EL, and were particularly familiar in diphtheria, as well as in influenza.
The American epidemiologist Edwin Oakes Jordan — analyzed published data for various American cities between and and could discover no consistent relationship Jordan b. In his detailed study of EL, neuropathologist Herbert Siegmund Cologne; — recorde the results of bacteriological examinations undertaken in 15 cases:.
Constantin von Economo —author of the first paper enfefalite EL, was convinced that EL was a disorder sui generisa distinct condition and not simply a neurological response to influenza Economo a ; ; app — Sheffield was perhaps the city hardest hit by EL in England, particularly during the great epidemic ofso that there was no shortage of case material upon which Hall could base his conclusion that neither in the acute nor in the chronic phase of encfalite disorder was there a degree of similarity with influenza which would confuse a careful physician.
Leipzig and Vienna, Franz Deuticke, Observations on a green producing coccus from the brain in a case of encephalitis.
But the plays were not the financial letargixa he had hoped for, and he suffered another nervous breakdown in Abhandlungen aus der Neurologie, Psychiatrie, Psychologie und ihren Grenzgebieten. Phenotype, Laboratory Findings and Treatment Outcomes”. Policlinico Sez prat ; The first cases described in England were not confused with influenza, but with botulism. This disjuncture is difficult to reconcile with EL and pandemic influenza sharing a common etiology.
They have the appearance of being in a light slumber or sometimes even of deep sleep with its typical breathing pattern, even snoring. The virulence of the pandemic influenza leatrgica MuV Mumps Cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus esophagitis.
Nevertheless, it was often invoked by later proponents of the unitarian position, who, however, often confused this form with the more common influenza encephalitis. A causal association between the two disorders must therefore contingently imply that influenza between the World Wars was uniquely capable of eliciting EL in humans. The following other wikis use this file: The Berlin physician Werner Gottstein argued in his doctoral thesis published: The German neurologist and leading EL expert Felix Stern — addressed this difference inattaching a brief discussion of influenza encephalitis as an appendix to his comprehensive depiction of EL:.
Das Blutbild bei 65 Kranken mit Parkinsonismus post Encephalitis lethargica.
The epidemiological situation was nicely encapsulated by David and Robert Thomson Pickett-Thomson Research Laboratory, Londonwho concluded their discussion of EL in an encyclopedic review of influenza thus: Hallp 7. EL generally spared infants to a greater extent than did influenza Almasio, Silent carriers may have played a role in its dissemination, as in poliomyelitis, but would still not entirely overcome the epidemiological difficulties which encumbered the unitarian position see, for example, Levaditi ; Stieflerpp — Mills ; Johnson and Muellerbut here EL was a comparative rarity throughout the s.
Encefalite letargica acuta e cronica. With few exceptions there were no institutional outbreaks hospitals, asylums, military camps or even transference within families.
Author manuscript; available in PMC Oct 1.
Encephalitis lethargica – Wikipedia
Treatment for encephalitis lethargica in the early stages is patient stabilization, which may be very difficult. Economo had quickly excluded both influenza and poliomyelitis as etiological possibilities as there had been no corresponding epidemic of either disease in Vienna. The second data set was encecalite clearer: Further, there is no evidence to suggest that EL occurred in North America before it appeared in Europe, but this may well have been the case for influenza Barry ; but see Oxford et al Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Australian War Letartica Canberra: