Experiments in Intergroup Discrimination Henri Tajfel PDF – Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Experiments in Intergroup Discriminati. ON. MATRIX by Henri Tajfel. B. MATRIX 3. MATRIX 4. U. Intergroup discrimination is a feature logical causation. In The. Exp eriments in Intergroup Discrimination. Can cliscrimination be trctced to by Flenri Tajfel .. problem lvas to create experimental con- didons that would.
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Forty clusters of varying numbers of dots were flashed on a screen and the boys were asked to record each estimate in succession on prepared score sheets. Some individualsfor example, may be more prone to prejudice because they have an intense need for acceptance by others.
Tajfel points out that this last finding is blatant discrimination caused by categorising the boys into meaningless groups. In the other two conditions the points were distributed fairly. The students were given a booklet of matrices and told that the task would consist of giving to others rewards and penalties in real money.
In the other trials the groups were switched around for both rows. In the other two conditions, amounts were allocated in a fair manner.
Different social and psychological factors become roots of conflicts between groups. A major strength of the procedure was the high level of control Tajfel managed to employ. The list did not indicate any personal identifiers e.
Share this page on your website: Intergroup Discrimination Experiments Henri Tajfel In Henri Tajfel and others conducted experiments in intergroup discrimation in the English city of Bristol. On the second part of the study, the experimenters were aiming to find out the type of strategy used by the boys when allocating points. intergriup
Intergroup Discrimination experiments Henri Tajfel
Sherif believes that prejudice arises out of conflict between two groups. They were next asked to allocate amounts to two members of the out-group. Though not all conflicts between different groups stem from competition, it still cannot be avoided that people automatically discriminate against those who are not part of their own group. When participants were asked to allocate money to the different participants on both lists, participants gave more money to individuals who scored similarly to themselves compared to individuals who scored differently.
In the experimental condition, the participants were given a matrix where the top row contained the amounts they will be awarding to a fellow group member, and the bottom row contained amounts that will be awarded to members of the other group.
If we look at an example below of one of the matrices we can see how the three variables can be measured. However, to maximise your own rewards while also maximising the differenceyou might well choose one of the middle boxes and give 12 to a member of your own group and 11 to a member of the other group. In cultures which do not emphasise competition, as much as perhaps the West does, categorisation does not always seem to lead to discrimination.
Intergroup Discrimination and the Henri Tajfel Experiments
The Social Construction of Reality. These boys already knew each other to some extent as the all attended the same school and indeed were members of the same year group and school “house.
Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Tajfel’s social identity theory has become one of the main theories in European social psychology. Background of the Study Henri Tajfel conducted a series of experiments on intergroup discrimination in Bristol City in Retrieved from ” http: The boys would not know the identity of the individuals to whom they would be assigning these rewards and penalties since everyone would be given a code number.
In a third condition, the main experimental condition, in half the trials the top row represented the amount to be awarded to another in-group member, and the bottom row represented the amount to be awarded to an outgroup member. Maximum joint profit and giving the largest reward to the in-group would both be achieved by choosing the last pair in the row, giving 19 to a member of your own group, and 25 to a member of the other group.
A total of 64 individuals were asked to participant in the study. This page has been accessed 26, times. Leave this field blank: The bottom row referred to amounts available for allocation to another member of the in-group.