Case Name, Disaster of Chemical Plant at Flixborough. Pictograph. Date, June 1, Place, Flixborough, UK. Location, Cyclohexanone oxidation plant. Flixborough. disaster. vapour cloud explosion. cyclohexane. loss prevention. risk assessment J.G. BallAfter the Flixborough Report: do we know the real truth?. 1 June is the 40th anniversary of the Flixborough disaster, The Flixborough Plant before the explosion – official report, TS 84/37/1.

Author: Durg Vohn
Country: Mali
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 25 January 2009
Pages: 487
PDF File Size: 19.35 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.84 Mb
ISBN: 984-3-51917-828-2
Downloads: 3876
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Voodoogor

In particular, the company office block, about m away, was destroyed.

There was a problem providing the content you requested

Symposium International on Combustion Advisory Committee on Major Hazards: The reason for why the bellows fractured by shear stress, was that the temporary pipe was installed without examining what the effect of a slight pressure rise on the bellows would be.

Instead [w] installations with an inventory of flammable fluids above a certain threshold or of toxic materials above a certain ‘chlorine equivalent’ threshold should be ‘ notifiable installations ‘. No calculations were undertaken for the dog-legged shaped repirt or for the bellows.

Retrieved 9 July Many of those Royal Air Force personal at the dance went to help and the local nurses that were there returned to their posts at Lincoln Hospital to help deal with the emergency. The report also commented on matters to be covered by the Advisory Committee on Major Hazards.

The terms of reference of the Court of Inquiry did not include any requirement to comment on the regulatory regime under which the plant had been built and operated, but it was clear that it was not satisfactory. Disasfer inch bypass was therefore clearly not what would have been produced or rsport by a more considered process, but controversy developed and became acrimonious as to whether its failure was the initiating fault in the disaster the inch hypothesis, argued by the plant designers DSM and the plant constructors; and favoured by the court’s technical advisers [3]or had been triggered by an external explosion resulting from a previous failure of the vlixborough line argued by experts retained by Nypro and their insurers [3].


The inquiry sat for 70 days in the period September — Februaryand took evidence from over witnesses. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers.

Flixborough disaster

The critique of the hypothesis spilled over into criticism of its advocates: HSE could then choose to — in some cases generally involving high risk or novel technology — require [x] submission of a more elaborate assessment, covering as appropriate “design, manufacture, construction, commissioning, operation and maintenance, as well as subsequent modifications whether of the design or operational procedures or both”. Immediately after this disaster occurred, UK government ordered that a formal investigation be carried out by a Court of Inquiry, consisted of a panel of experts.

Nypro’s advisers had put considerable effort into the 8-inch hypothesis, and the inquiry report put considerable effort into discounting it. It was a failure of this plant that led to the disaster. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Especially in plants that are treating hazardous materials, even relatively easy repairs or improvements of facilities should be made with thorough reference to the standards, and the design should be entrusted to professional engineers.

Flixborough (Nypro UK) Explosion 1st June

Subsequently, both forms of cyclohexane were introduced into the No. There was a lot of discussion after as the chemical past though the local villages in tankers.

Nor did anyone appreciate that the hydraulic thrust on the bellows some 38 tonnes at working pressure would tend to make rpeort pipe buckle at the mitre joints. We use the phrase “already remote” advisedly for we wish to make it plain that we found nothing to suggest that the plant as originally designed and constructed created any unacceptable risk. Because the flibxorough process was a high inventory process, if a leak occurred, the plant would suffer a great amount of damage.


Eighteen fatalities occurred in the control room as a result of the windows shattering and the collapse of the roof. No calculations were done to ascertain whether the bellows or pipe would withstand the forces that would be exerted.

Tests on replica bypass assemblies showed that bellows squirm could occur at pressures below the safety valve setting, but that reort did not lead to a leak either from damage to the bellows or from damage to the pipe at the mitre welds until well above the safety valve setting.

The National Archives holds a great deal of documentation about the disaster and its aftermath, including numerous plans, drawings, photographs and witness statements as well as repkrt Report of the Court of Inquiry. Failings in technical measures A plant modification occurred without a full assessment of the potential consequences.

Flixborough, 1 June From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. I was a serving police constable in Humberside Police and at the time of the incident I was shopping in Baxtergate Doncaster flicborough my family when we heard the explosion.

The modification and its supporting safety assessment then had to be approved in writing by the plant manager and engineer. It was not known why Flixborough adopted a high inventory process. Would you like to tell us about a lower fisaster

However theoretical modelling suggested that the expansion of the bellows as a result of squirm would lead to a significant amount of work being done on them by the reactor contents, and there would be considerable shock loading on the bellows when they reached the end of their travel.