crashworthiness tests and proposes actions to improve crash safety features for future rotorcraft designs. by. Roy G. Fox. Bell Helicopter Textron. Crashworthiness is the ability of a structure to protect its occupants during an impact. This is The primary reason is that ejection or exiting a helicopter is impractical given the rotor system and typical altitude at which Army helicopters fly. In aeronautics, first structural design requirements for better crash protection were established for military helicopters and light fixed-wing aircraft. Also, for all.

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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. As the US Army ‘s doctrine changed, helicopters became the primary mode of transportation in Vietnam.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The intent of this guide is to assist engineers in understanding the design considerations important to crash-resistant military aircraft.

You can help by adding to it. The history of human tolerance to deceleration can likely trace its beginning in the studies by John Stapp to investigate the limits of human tolerance in the s and s.

Crashworthiness may be assessed either prospectively, using computer models e. Depending on the nature of the impact and the vehicle involved, different criteria are used to determine the crashworthiness of the structure.


Crashworthiness – Wikipedia

Primary crash injuries were reduced, but secondary injuries within the helicoppter continued to occur. Crashworthiness is assessed retrospectively by analyzing injury risk in real-world crashes, often using regression or other statistical techniques to control for the myriad of confounders that are present in crashes.

Retrieved from ” https: A common injury criterion is the Head impact criterion HIC.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Work began to develop energy absorbing seats to reduce the chance of spinal injuries [1] during training and combat in Vietnam. This led to the consideration of additional protective devices such as airbags. They have each developed their own authoritative safety requirements and conducted extensive research and development in the field.

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In the s and s, the Pakistan Army began serious accident analysis into crashworthiness as a result of fixed-wing and rotary-wing accidents. Crashworthiness is the ability of a structure to protect its occupants during an impact.

Several criteria are used to assess crashworthiness prospectively, including the deformation patterns crasyworthiness the vehicle structure, the acceleration experienced by the vehicle during an impact, and the probability of injury predicted by human body models. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.


By using this site, crahsworthiness agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Transport safety Aviation accidents and incidents. This section needs expansion. Injury probability is defined using criteriawhich are mechanical parameters e.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Webarchive template wayback links Pages using web citations with no URL Articles needing additional references from Helicoprer All articles needing additional references Articles to be expanded from August All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes.


This is commonly tested when investigating the safety of aircraft and vehicles. Airbags were considered a viable solution to reducing the incidents of head strikes in the cockpit, and were incorporated in Army helicopters. This page was last edited on 5 Septemberat Heavy research was conducted into human tolerance, energy attenuation and structural designs that would protect the occupants of military helicopters.

Pilots were receiving spinal injuries in otherwise survivable crashes due to decelerative forces on the spine and heliclpter.