Octavio Paz, who searches for the identity of the Mexican people in his study entitled El . In section IV, “Los Hijos de la Malinche,” Paz explains how the word . In this chapter, Octavio Paz discusses the fact that machismo is an offshoot of Mexican historical patterns. He relates . The symbol of this violation is doña Malinche, the mistress of Cortés. When we shout “¡Viva México, hijos de la chingada!. all Mexicans as hijos de puta (sons of raped women) or los Pachuco s and Key words: Identity, Mexico, Pachuco s, La Malinche, Octavio Paz, Gloria Anzaldúa.

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Otros reflelan nuestros problemas actuales, pero de una manera indirecta, escondiendo o disfrazando su verdadera naturaleza.

The Mexican, like all men, converts these circumstances into plastic material. Solitude is the profoundest octavil of the human condition. Hay un misterio mexicano como hay un misterio amarillo y uno negro. When they finally burst out, they do so harshly, brutally, in the form of a shout, a challenge, an offense.

The persistence of certain attitudes, and the freedom and independence they assume in relation to the causes that created them, induce us to study them in the living flesh of the present rather than in history books. Of a nameless wrong: The malinchistas are those who want Mexico to open itself to the outside world: Nor does he want to be descended from them.


This passivity, open to the outside world, causes her to lose her identity: The verb chingar signifies the triumph of the closed, the male, the powerful, over the open. The impression we create is much like that created by Orientals. He becomes the son of Nothingness. Each keeps watch over the other because every companion could also be a traitor.

En ese grito condenamos nuestro origen y renegamos de nuestro hibridismo. The man who commits it never does so with the consent of the chingada. The Spaniards also abuse their strongest expressions; indeed, the Mexican is singularly nice in comparison. He is not the founder of a people; he is not a patriarch who exercises patria potestas ; he is not a king or a judge or the chieftain of a clan.


Es la imagen de la fecundidad, pero asimismo de la muerte. Solitude, the source of anxiety, begins on the day we are deprived of maternal protection and fall into a strange and hostile world.

Palabras que no dicen nada y dicen todo. Finally, there is no especial veneration for God the Father in the Trinity. Is she the same as we are? In every country he represents the most ancient and secret element of society. In addition, the Virgin the universal Mother, is also the intermediary, the messenger, between disinherited man and the unknown, inscrutable power: This conception of social malinhce as combat fatally divides society into the strong and the weak.

The following selections come from pages of the Grove Press translation by Pzz Kemp. Cuando alguien ejecuta un acto desmesurado y contra las reglas, comentamos: The macho is the gran chingon.


This is to say that historical events are something more than events because they are colored by humanity, which is always problematical. Another, no less degrading, is the devotion to personalities rather than to principles. On the contrary, it binds him to them. Historical circumstances explain our character to the extent that our character explains those circumstances.


El lctavio que no poseeremos nunca, la suma de nuestra definitiva ignorancia: A pesar de su desnudez —redonda, plena—en las formas de la mujer siempre hay algo que desvelar: Suspicion, dissimulation, irony, the courtesy that shuts us away from the stranger, all of the psychic oscillations with which, in eluding a strange glance, we elude ourselves, are traits of a subjected people who tremble and disguise themselves in the presence of the master.

Vivir a solas, sin testigos.

His major criticism is that to be an intellectual it is necessary to distance oneself from the subject that you are studying so that the argument remains critical yet rational and objective.

He is not the founder of a people; he is not a patriarch who exercises patria potestas; he is not a king or a judge or the chieftain of a clan.